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The Causes of Poor Gum Health

By Stephen Rogers on May 08, 2017

At a dental examThe team at our restorative dentistry center on Long Island believes that patients should know the causes of different dental health problems. By knowing the causes, you can avoid them and/or practice better dental care to address these problems.

With that in mind, let's take a look at some of the common causes of periodontal disease an gum recession. Some of these causes may surprise you.

Poor Oral Hygiene

If you don't brush your teeth and floss enough, you're bound to suffer from serious tooth decay and gum disease. The longer it goes on, the worse it gets. With that in mind, be sure to brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss your teeth at least once a night. For the best results, be sure to brush and floss after every meal.

Aggressive Brushing and Flossing

Frequency isn't enough to improve your dental health. The way you brush and floss is just as important. People who brush and floss aggressively cause their gums to bleed. This damage to the gum tissue leads to gum recession. Be sure to be gentle yet thorough when cleaning your teeth, and to use a soft-bristled toothbrush.

Use of Tobacco Products

Smoking and the use of chewing tobacco can lead to an increased risk of gum disease and gum recession. This is on top of the heightened risk for lung disease, heart disease, and cancer. Think of this as just another compelling reason to quit.

Teeth Grinding (Bruxism)

If you grind your teeth at night, the pressure on the teeth won't just lead to chips and cracks. Over time, the grinding can cause your gums to recede. Be sure to discuss treatments for teeth grinding with your dentist.

Poor Dental Alignment

Teeth that are more properly aligned make teeth grinding more likely. In addition, poor dental alignment can lead to too much pressure exerted on certain teeth, also leading to gum recession. This is why orthodontic care is so important.

Missing Teeth

When you are missing a tooth or multiple teeth, there is no root structure in the area of the tooth gap. Your body will account for this, absorbing bone as well as gum tissue along the gap. This can lead to problems with overall periodontal health as well as your adjacent teeth.


Diabetic often experience many health issues related to their blood sugar problems. Among these are an increased risk of tooth decay, gum disease, and gum recession. Properly monitoring your diabetes and noting your blood sugar is a key to proper dental wellness.

Changes in Hormones

You might not have known this, but changes in hormones during adolescence and pregnancy can lead to an increased risk of gum disease. Practicing good oral hygiene at these times is crucial for proper dental health.

Genetics and Family History

Some people may be genetically more likely to suffer from gum disease and tooth decay. While this is frustrating, proper oral hygiene and routine dental visits twice a year can help address various kinds of dental wellness issues, gum disease included.

Learn More About Gum Disease and Recession

To learn more about improving the health of your gums and the beauty of your smile, be sure to contact our dental care practice today. We look forward to your visit and discussing these periodontal health matters in greater detail.

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Massapequa Office

101 New York Ave
Massapequa, NY 11758

Open Today 9:00am - 9:00pm

More Info Directions (516) 468-7103